I think the fact my answer was accepted demonstrates that I understood the question, and I believe that my edits would have given the question more attention in general from other users with the potential to answer the question. I'm not terribly concerned about rep, I'm just curious about how to proceed in a case like this. Should I resubmit the suggested edits? Is there some sort of appeal process? Since the answer is accepted should I even bother?
There is no mechanism to appeal rejected edits.
Looks like you have removed some tags, which may be why the edit was rejected.
You can always edit the question again and supply more details in the reason (and be a little more judicial in your edits).
I was hit by this issue as well: my edit was approved by two editors, and rejected by others. Those who rejected it had no experience whatsoever with the subject matter (MongoDB).
It is highly frustrating that people with experience in one domain, can wield their power in areas they are not competent in. If society worked that way, then Albert Einstein would be allowed to perform brain surgery.