It seems different websites have a different number of moderators. In general, is there a minimum number of moderator per website? How do we decide to add more moderators?
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Every site has, at minimum, two moderators1 (and almost always three). You can confirm that a site has more than one moderator by clicking on the "about" link in the site's toolbar (i.e.,
If you think a site is stretched thin, raise a question about it on that site's meta-discussion site: SE does listen to this feedback and will act accordingly.
Note 1: Okay, so Stack Apps only has one. But that's a special-cased site and not really qualitively similar to the rest of the network.
All sites have moderators who can close questions by themselves. Stack Overflow currently has 12 of them, but lower traffic sites won't have as many. What you normally see on Stack Overflow is normal users exercising their privilege to close questions, which they earned by gaining reputation. Lower traffic sites will haver fewer people with enough reputation for this privilege, so a larger percentage of closings will be performed by moderators.
There is a way to appeal closed questions. When a moderator closes a question, it is counted as an edit so that you can @-reply to them in a comment to protest. You can also flag for moderator attention using the other field, or post a question on the site's meta asking why it was closed.
Smaller sites sometimes do not see the same level of community involvement in closing questions as bigger sites like Stack Overflow do. Whether moderators do a good job to compensate for that depends on the moderators and the site.
In my experience, it certainly can work.
If you want it changed, get involved in flagging and closing questions yourself and rally your fellow community members to do the same. And, of course, on the flip side - if you see questions closed that you think shouldn't be, leave comments and make meta posts to discuss the closures. Get involved and get your community involved so that moderators aren't left to shoulder the bulk of the work.
Every site you are on has at least 2 moderators except cognitive sciences, and that is being moderated by at least 2 Stack Exchange employees who are community leaders. If you look at the closed question list, though, you'll find most questions are closed by the users, not by moderators. Keep in mind that it's only been in public beta for 17 days - it's new, and pro-tem moderators will likely be chosen from among the active users soon. However, the site only has 72 total users, and is not very active. That may be the reason why moderators haven't been chosen from the community yet. That also means you may have an opportunity to make a real impact in guiding the site, though.
However, if you have a complaint about a specific question closing, you should take it up in that site's meta, and discuss whether such questions should be closed or not with the other users of that site. In addition to voting, discussion on the meta is the best way to come to a community consensus on what direction the site should head in. You might be surprised at how many people agree with you - but of course you won't know until you start a question on the meta about it. Of course it's a double edged sword, you may instead find out that you are alone in your opinion as to what's allowed.
Either way, if you want to help direct the site then participate heavily in the meta community, make sure others understand your position, and work to convince them that your suggestions will strengthen the site.
I think you're talking about me, since, at the time of posting this, I was the moderator with the highest closed-questions count on Chinese Language & Usage.
I have some things to say, so I'll order them to prevent confusion:
I don't wanna come across as the dictator. But as a Mod, it is my duty to close questions I see as not fit/off topic/not constructive/etc.
If you disagree with my actions, it's your right, but then you're supposed to tell me. How can I know who disagrees with me and who not, if no-one tells me?
I hope I answered your question and addressed your concerns, and I repeat, I'm always1 available to help/answer questions. :)
1: Except when I'm offline/busy. :)