Is Downvoting meant to Discourage new Users
No, it's meant to discourage bad content.
These mistakes attracts the attraction of experienced ones, who most often downvote the question.
There are four main reasons to downvote:
- Lack of research effort
- The question is unclear or hard to understand
- The question is not useful
- The question is not a real question or off-topic on the whole SE network
You'll notice that three out of these four reasons are from the downvote-tooltip. The last comes from experience, because crappy questions get downvoted and closed. Because that's what we do with crappy questions. Normally users are trying to salvage the question before downvoting for the second reason, except if the question does not seem to be salvageable.
Getting 3 or 4 downvote at the initial stages, as such I got could discourage the new user from posting another question.
I know I'll get into the-place-of-eternal-pain for saying that, but that might not be a bad thing. There's also an automatic ban in place which gets triggered if the user posts too many downvoted questions or answers. If the first question is already attracting a load of downvotes, there's a good chance that the second will, too...as will the third...
Isn't there any such good idea to make the new user aware of format regulations and for phrasing question with relevant matter.
We already have that, all over the place. Thanks to Sathya for the last two pictures.