If yes, can you please provide a link and also add it in the list of FAQs? Any ways this question is tagged with faq. How does it compare with other reputation algorithms? If no, why not? Even if you are in the process of submitting for a patent (for an algorithm?), one can publish it while it is being processed.
Yes, this link tells you exactly how much reputation you get or lose depending on other user's actions on your answers and questions, and your actions that affect your reputation:
It is not patented, nor is anyone seeking a patent.