I believe your cause-effect thinking is a bit backwards (like asking if people tend to drive faster because they get in a lot of accidents).
People vote on your content because it is helpful. You start building up reputation the more you contribute. The more you contribute the better you get at it. The better you get at it, the more people will vote for your stuff.
There might be a minor "celebrity effect" in play when you are repeatedly rewarded for your contribution. In that sense, having a higher reputation will attract attention to your answers. But that attention in and of itself doesn't translate to up-votes. Your answers have to continue being better to get the up-votes.
It's like the great actor who gets to make a lot of movies: Soon, people go see a movie solely because the actor is great. But, if the actor doesn't continue to deliver, people soon stop rewarding their contribution.