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and avoid asking for opinions or open-ended discussion. If your question is about the site itself, ask on our meta-discussion site. If you’re looking for a different topic, it might be covered on … another Stack Exchange site. Be specific If you ask a vague question, you’ll get a vague answer. But if you give us details and context, we can provide a useful answer. Make it relevant to others We …
Thanks for taking the time to contribute an answer. It’s because of helpful peers like yourself that we’re able to learn together as a community. Here are a few tips on how to make your answer great … , is the question asking for? Make sure your answer provides that – or a viable alternative. The answer can be “don’t do that”, but it should also include “try this instead”. Any answer that gets the …
them to make improvements. We also recommend finding questions that you can answer and providing great answers to them. Take a few moments to become familiar with how search works, many questions … prior to asking, and ask only when you're really stuck. When you do need to ask, be sure to follow the guidance we've provided and everyone will have a much better experience. …
. Wait until you receive an answer that answers your question well. Please do not add a comment on your question or on an answer to say "Thank you". Comments are meant for requesting clarification … , leaving constructive criticism, or adding relevant but minor additional information – not for socializing. If you want to say "thank you," vote on or accept that person's answer, or simply pay it forward by providing a great answer to someone else's question. …
Why am I being told that I can only ask one question per week? We want you to have a good experience on the site by receiving prompt, helpful vetted answers to your questions. We realize that when … our community - so we're asking you to slow down until you've learned to ask better questions. How can I get answers to my urgent questions then? You can search! Many questions have already been …
fully address your question, please edit this question to explain how it is different or ask a new question. off topic - each community decides which specific topics are and are not allowed on their … "What if I disagree with the closure of a question? How can I reopen a closed question?" Why are some questions marked "closed"? Questions are marked [on hold] for the first five days after closure …
spelling and grammar to the best of your ability. The community-curated FAQ contains more details. For more information on how to ask a question well, please see our How to Ask guide. If you have … Sometimes users encounter the following message when posting a question: "This post does not meet our quality standards." If you see this message, then your question was automatically blocked by …
question with a single vote. How do I find questions that someone thinks should be reopened? There are two tools to help questions with reopen votes get more attention from users who have the ability to … you can address any concerns raised there. Addressing the concerns often means editing the post, which any user may do. If a moderator (user with a ♦ symbol after their name) closed the question, then …
?” there is no actual problem to be solved: “I’m curious if other people feel like I do.” you are asking an open-ended, hypothetical question: “What if ______ happened?” your question is just a rant … . If your motivation for asking the question is “I would like to participate in a discussion about ______”, then you should not be asking here. However, if your motivation is “I would like others to …
of reasons, such as a user finding a user's great answer and visiting all of their posts to upvote them, or a user getting into an argument with another user and downvoting their posts … When a single user continually votes (up or down) on many of your posts within a short period of time, the system considers these votes to be invalid and removes them. This could happen for a variety …
" within the [maintenance] tag. To find a specific phrase, enter it in quotes: "flat tire". To limit your search to just the title of a question, use title: followed by the search term. Likewise … have been marked as a duplicate of another question; no/false/0 excludes duplicate questions from the search. migrated: yes/true/1 returns only questions that have been migrated to a different site; no …
report it to us so we can investigate and correct the problem. Do not post reports of security vulnerabilities on our meta site; please contact us directly instead. Include as much information as you can about the issue and detailed instructions about how to reproduce it. … We take security vulnerabilities very seriously and work hard to provide a secure online experience for our users. If you believe you have discovered a security issue that affects many users, please …
topics that aren't well-regarded. For more advice, see: How do I write a good answer? If the only reason you're here is to sell something or drive traffic to your site, then please avoid posting answers … /questions/225370/your-answer-is-in-another-castle-when-is-an-answer-not-an-answer If you're here to support your product, please see Can I support my product on this site? Here are a few tips for writing …
response, and reputation refunds are not available if no answers are received as a result of the bounty. How do I start a bounty? When can I start a bounty? A bounty can be started on a question two days … bounty may help attract more attention and more answers. Slice off anywhere from +50 to +500 of your own hard-earned reputation, and attach it to any question as a bounty. You do not need to be the asker …
in fear of their safety is harassment. Ok, I'm being harassed; what do I do? Please use our contact form, and choose "Other." Try to be as specific and clear as you can, and provide links to relevant … moderator has taken action before we get to your report. What happens once I submit a report? We look at every report individually, and you'll always get a reply back from us, regardless of the outcome. We …
have great, complete tag wikis, that’s even better, but you have to crawl before you can walk. Focusing on the ~500 character excerpt is a simple way to get started — and that text is surfaced in a … down to a few short sentences. Avoid generically defining the concept behind a tag, unless it is highly specialized. The “email” tag, for example, does not need to explain what email is. I think we can …
privilege gained from earning reputation - if you haven't earned it yet, try to get comfortable writing answers first. How do I comment? Click the add a comment link under each post. Comments cannot be … , starting from the most recent comment or edit. See How do comment replies work? When should I comment? You should submit a comment if you want to: Request clarification from the author; Leave …
you a tiny bit of reputation on top of that; use them wisely. How do I vote down? Click the large down arrows to the left of each post. You can undo your votes by clicking the same vote button … What is voting down? Voting down, also known as "casting downvotes", is how the community indicates which questions and answers are least useful. When should I vote down? Use your downvotes …
public so that others (including yourself) can find it later, it's perfectly okay to ask and answer your own question on a Stack Exchange site. To encourage people to do this, there is a checkbox at … the bottom of the page every time you ask a question. If you have more than 15 reputation and already know the answer, click the checkbox that says "Answer your own question" at the bottom of the Ask
First, make sure you’ve asked a good question. To get better answers, you may need to put additional effort into your question. Edit your question to provide status and progress updates. Document … your own continued efforts to answer your question. This will naturally bump your question to the homepage and get more people interested in it. If, despite your best efforts, you feel questions aren’t getting good answers, you can help by offering a bounty on any question more than two days old. …
another site. if the post was migrated to the current site, and then rejected. if a question was merged into another question, the answers will be moved and the source question will be locked. How long doa cherished cultural artifact would otherwise be deleted; do not use it for any other purpose. A "wiki" is a question whose answers can be edited by low-reputation users, attributed to multiple …
privilege levels, you'll have access to many of the same tools available to the site moderators. That is intentional. We don’t run this site; the community does! How do I earn reputation? The primary way … with those three activities before looking to expand your participation into other areas. So what is reputation? Reputation is a rough measurement of how much the community trusts you; it is earned …
system prevents you from deleting answered questions most of the time. But there are some other things you can do: If your question is unnecessarily specific, edit to generalize it. Do you really … all you need. If you really can't see a way to salvage the question while removing identifying details, and none of the answers are highly upvoted, and especially if the question is closed, you can …
To create an account on Meta Stack Exchange, please sign up through Google, Facebook, or create a new Stack Exchange account using an email address and password. In addition to creating an account for this … site (and its associated meta-discussion site), you will also have a Stack Exchange network profile, which is accessible from your user page on any site where you have an account. This means that if …
User deletion is irreversible! By sending this request, your votes will be revoked, and all of your content will be made anonymous. You should see a Delete Profile option on your user profile by …
and ideas to support your own. And always give proper credit to the author and site where you found the text, including a direct link to it. See also: What to do when plagiarism is discovered Users are calling me a plagiarist. What do I do? How do I write a good answer? … useful resource that can help answer a question (from another site or in an answer on Meta Stack Exchange) make sure you do all of the following: Provide a link to the original page or answer Quote only the …
Exchange Team will reach out to verify that you own both accounts. If we can confirm your ownership, we will initiate a merge. If you can't remember how to log in, go here and enter the email address you used to create the account you are trying to sign into. … If you have two accounts that you would like to join together, please sign into either account, visit the contact form and select ‘I need to merge user profiles’. After you contact us, the Stack …
/what-should-i-do-if-i-find-the-answer-to-an-old-question-of-mine-that-was-automa/310266#310266 See also: The official "How does deleting work? What can cause a post to be deleted, and what does that actually mean?" FAQ meta post. … Abandoned, unanswered questions can be a nuisance for readers when they appear in search results. While every question deserves a chance to be answered, at some point the annoyance to those searching …
Finding specific questions that interest you can be accomplished a few different ways. Browse by tag Every question asked on our site is tagged with the sub-topics that describe it. Each of these … for a specific one. Clicking a tag – from anywhere on the site, whether it's from the tag page, or from tags below a question – will show you a list of all questions in that tag and a tag wiki that …
to yourself can help you understand what it sounds like to others. Deleting your questions will not help. Here are some additional tips for writing good, useful questions: How do I ask a good … privileges, such as commenting or voting, and there is no indication to the rest of the community that a particular user has been banned. How can I get out of a question ban? Begin by improving …
If you have lost your password, please visit our account recovery page and enter the email address that you signed up with. We will email you a list of your account credentials and a link to reset your password. If you used an external openID provider, you will need to contact that provider. …
doing these things, you are helping keep Stack Exchange a great place to share knowledge of our craft. Do not use signature, taglines, or greetings. Every post you make is already “signed” with … We’re excited to have you here. Here are guidelines for participating in the network. Be nice. Whether you've come to ask questions, or to generously share what you know, remember that we’re all …
/> linebreak: How do I love thee?   Let me count the ways New paragraphs only occur when there is a blank line. A single carriage does not create a new paragraph. Italics and Bold *This is italicized … > the paragraphs in your blockquotes, but it looks much nicer if you do. Depends how lazy you feel. Tags To talk about a tag on this site, like-this, use See the many questions tagged [tag:elephants …
.’ When should I visit chat? for real time collaboration to meet the fellow members of your community in a more social environment for less structured, casual (but still roughly on-topic) conversation … do I need 20 rep to talk in chat? Your reputation on chat is the same as your reputation on the parent site (or the sum of your reputation across sites, if you're visiting chat.stackexchange.com …
. Voting is how site leadership forms. That’s why the reputation leagues show a breakdown of top users by reputation for the week, month, quarter, year, or all time. Our sites are all intended to be a sort … different aspects of voting – like casting your first upvote or downvote, using up all of your allotted votes in a day, or casting upvotes on other people's answers to a question that you have answered …
do not affect other privileges, such as commenting or voting, and there is no indication to the rest of the community that a particular user has been banned from posting. How can I get out of an … your answers: Answer the question. Do not post an answer simply to say "thanks" or "I'm having this problem, too" Do not post follow-up questions as answers. Ask a new question instead. Use correct …
to lose great answers! Also, be cautious when deleting questions closed as duplicates; they can serve as a signpost, directing users to useful answers on another question. It takes 3 votes, minimum … and deleted. Before voting to delete, please check whether there are any good answers; if so, then the question should be flagged for moderator attention as a potential merge candidate. We don't like …
Q&A to reduce noise there while providing a legitimate space for people to ask how and why this site works the way it does. Meta is for... ...Stack Exchange users to communicate with each other … that affect the whole network) Please look around to see if your question has been asked before, and avoid asking questions that have nothing to do with the Stack Exchange network. This is not a
, click the edit button beneath it. See How to Ask for more tips on improving questions. Users can delete their own questions if the question: has zero answers has only one answer, but that answer has … questions do not appear in search results, so if you wish to later undelete a question that you've deleted you must have saved the URL somewhere. Deleted posts can be undeleted by casting undelete …
and where to ask: How do I? -- ask on Meta Stack Exchange (tell them what tags to use -- your product tag at minimum) I got this error, why? -- ask on Meta Stack Exchange I got this error and I'm sure it's a … bug -- report it on your own site I have an idea/request -- report it on your own site Why do you? -- ask in your own community (support forum, etc) When will you? -- ask in your own community …
-known and popular tags that are appropriate for the question. Avoid meta-tags Do not use meta-tags in questions. Here are some tips to help you determine whether a tag is a meta-tag: If the tag … [best-practices], are not helpful by themselves – they do not communicate anything about the content of the question. If the tag commonly means different things to different people, it’s probably a meta …
This message means that a user who voted for one of your posts had their account deleted (either by request or due to violating the network's terms of service). As a result, all of their votes were … removed, and the reputation you gained or lost from them was undone. The resultant reputation change could be any amount; it could even be a reputation gain if enough of the removed votes were …
Answers that do not fundamentally answer the question may be removed. This includes answers that are: commentary on the question or other answers asking another, different question “thanks!” or “me … too!” responses exact duplicates of other answers barely more than a link to an external site not even a partial answer to the actual question If you wish to improve an existing answer, click the …
remember how to log in, go here and enter your email) and, on most sites, open the "Edit Profile and Settings" section of your profile, and then click the "My Logins" tab: You should see a list of … Adding additional logins to your account is useful because it provides a way to access your account in case you lose your password. You can choose Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, and other popular OpenID …
for you. When should I edit posts? Any time you see a post that needs improvement and are inclined to suggest an edit, you are welcome to do so. The original author of a question or answer may … contained in one place To correct minor mistakes or add updates as the post ages To add related resources or hyperlinks What happens when I edit a post? The post will be updated to show the latest editor …
people interested in it. However, if after doing this, you feel a particular question still isn't getting enough attention, adding a bounty may help. How do I place a bounty? Place a bounty by … not need to be the asker of the question to offer a bounty on it. How do I award the bounty? You can award a bounty by clicking on the respective button below the upvote/downvote interface. Note …
be able to answer a protected question. The association bonus does not count. How do I add links to my posts? We use Markdown to format posts, so there are a variety of ways of adding links: bare … What are the new user restrictions? New users cannot: post more than eight hyperlinks at a time, either in a post or their user profile contribute answers to protected questions ask or answer …
affecting the reputation of those participating in it. How do Community Wiki posts work? You can choose to make any answer you own a community wiki by ticking the checkbox under the edit area to the … What are Community Wiki posts? Community wiki posts are more easily editable by all users, and do not confer any reputation. When should I make my answers Community Wiki? When you want to enhance …
What is voting up? Voting up is how the community indicates which questions and answers are most useful and appropriate. When should I vote up? Whenever you encounter a question, answer or … comment that you feel is especially useful, vote it up! You have a limited number of votes per day, so use them wisely. How do I vote up? Click the large up arrow to the left of a post, or the small up …
reputation level. When should I ask a question? Good questions are always welcome, provided you have done your homework first, and can share the results of your research with us. When should I … answers! What happens after I ask a question? When you post a new question, other users will almost immediately see it and try to provide good answers. This often happens in a matter of minutes, so …
neglected to click the link). Often moderators will provide a specific reason for declining a flag. You can view these by visiting your flagging history. What should I do when one of my flags is … Why does flag marking as helpful/declined not always correlate with moderator action? How do I properly use the “Not an Answer” flag? Allow recovery from flag hellban …
question that is off-topic How do I view close votes and reasons? Click on the "close" link under any of your questions, under the question text and to the left side. You will see a list of close … -topic and generally off-topic for this site. What is a closed question? Closed questions do not allow new answers and can be identified by the [on hold] or [closed] title suffix. It takes 5 close …
concrete answers that a working professional or expert in this field might encounter as a part of their actual, real, job. Stock the site with a bunch of on-topic, expert questions and answers, so that when … the site opens to the public, it’s already pre-populated with a bunch of the kind of content that will attract other experts. You get the site you build The first questions set the tone and topic of …
feel you can make a strong case that your question does cover a new topic that nobody else has asked about before on this site. How do I create a new tag? Simply enter a new tag with your question and … What is creating tags? A tag is a keyword or label that categorizes your question with other, similar questions. When you choose to create a new tag, you're asking a question in a topic that nobody …
for it. How do I create a new chat room? There is a link to chat in the footer of every page. The link also appears in the Stack Exchange site switcher on the upper right corner of every page. Click … . When should I create a new chat room? When you find yourself wanting to have an extended conversation about a topic that is not covered by one of the existing chat rooms, you should create a new room …
retagging automatic for common tag mistakes. How do I propose or vote on tag synonyms? Users with this privilege and a total answer score (total upvotes minus total downvotes) of 5 or more on the … valid or invalid. Below that, there is also a box to suggest an additional synonym for that tag. How do synonyms get approved? When a tag synonym reaches a vote score of 4, it is accepted and becomes …
What is reduced advertisements? As a courtesy to our avid users, we automatically disable some ads when they reach this reputation level. How do I know it's working? After you achieve this … privilege, the two "leaderboard" style ads will be automatically suppressed from question pages when you are logged in. The areas in red are the leaderboard ads. The areas in gray are the sidebar ads …
feel the community around that tag could benefit from an editor's steady hand. How do I edit the tag wiki? All active tags have short description pages, or "tag wikis," at /tags/foo/info The … moderator Voting to delete questions with a score of -3 or lower immediately after they are closed Editing tag wikis without needing approval Deleting answers When should I vote to delete an answer …
community wiki post and have something useful to contribute, edit it! How do I edit a Community Wiki post? To edit a Community Wiki post, look at the bottom of the post for the edit menu. Also … What are Community Wiki posts? Community wiki posts are more easily editable by all users, and do not confer any reputation. When should I edit Community Wiki posts? Community wiki posts have …
resources or hyperlinks Tiny, trivial edits are discouraged - try to make the post significantly better when you edit, correcting all problems that you observe. How do I edit posts? The edit link is … through peer review. Not just your posts—anyone's posts! When should I edit posts? Any time you feel you can make the post better, and are inclined to do so. Editing is encouraged! Some common reasons …
owner. When should I create a gallery chat room? When you wish to have a controlled conversation between specific community members, without anyone else interjecting. How do I create a gallery chat … What are gallery chat rooms? Chat rooms are typically public and open to all. A gallery chat room allows anyone to enter, but only specific users may talk in the room, as determined by the room …
What is meta? Meta is our community for discussing the site itself, including bugs, feedback, and governance issues. When should I visit meta? to provide feedback to report a bug to suggest … changes to the community to discuss how the site works Where is meta? There is a link to meta in the Stack Exchange site switcher (top right in the header). Our meta naming convention is standard …
: How should my flagging change when I gain the ability to vote to close? How do I cast a close vote on a question? The current number of close votes will be shown under the question, in parenthesis … on the site. When should I vote to close a question? Questions should be closed by casting close votes if: they are sufficiently similar to existing questions and would be answered identically to …
posts An expanded usercard will show additional profile information How do I view vote counts? Voting scores, as displayed, are the sum of the up and down votes on a post. Vote counts are the … sign next to them and are displayed as the top number, in green. The downvotes have a negative sign next to them and are displayed as the bottom number, in red. How do people see an expanded usercard …
here, please flag it and bring it to our attention! How do I flag? Click the flag link under any post and you will see the pop-up dialog pictured below. Question Answer Click … profile. How many flags do I have? When you start out, you are allotted 10 flags per day. This number may increase to up to 100 flags per day: You get one bonus flag per 2000 reputation. You are …
Stack Exchange. (If you're using a Google account, log into Google. If you're using a Verisign account, log into Verisign.) When you have successfully managed to log into your provider, please try … provider, or if you know your provider has ceased supporting an OpenID, please create a new account and then contact us to request an account merge. …
should I use this data? Since this is a restricted privilege, we'd prefer you not share the raw data. However, we do hope you will share your analysis of the data with other users on meta. For instance … such as several search engines at exactly 211 visits. We have a limited API quota, so arbitrary date ranges are not supported. Search terms are so unreliable that we just aren't showing them. How
This Code of Conduct helps us build a community that is rooted in kindness, collaboration, and mutual respect. Whether you’ve come to ask questions or to generously share what you know, join us in … appropriate by our moderation team. This is how moderators generally handle misconduct: Enforcement Warning For most first-time misconduct, moderators will remove offending content and send a
welcome here. Please look around to see if your question has been asked before. It’s also OK to ask and answer your own question. Have a question about Stack Overflow Jobs or Talent? Questions about … If your question is about: Stack Exchange Promotions & Advertising Support, feature requests, or bug reports for the core Stack Exchange engine that powers all Stack Exchange websites … it is …
If you have a suggestion, feature request, or bug report, the best way to get your idea seen is to post it to our meta discussion site. That way, users as well as our team can discuss the benefits of … and any potential issues with your idea. You can find a link to a site's meta in the top bar of every page, by clicking the rightmost icon on it. Note: Security issues should not be made public and should not be posted on our meta site. Please contact us directly instead. …
closed; we love (some) dupes. There are many ways to ask the same question, and a user might not be able to find the answer if they're asking it a different way. Marking a question as duplicate is … they are left as a signpost pointing people towards the canonical answer to that question. If you see a question and do not agree that it truly is a duplicate, edit it to highlight the differences, then try to get it reopened by casting a reopen vote. …
Review queues (also known as review tasks) contain posts that possibly need community attention, as determined by the system or other community users. You are shown these posts one at a time so that … which were posted by new users much later than when the question was asked. Late answers tend to be seen by fewer people than answers posted soon after the question was asked, so the review queue helps …
? What should our FAQ contain? How should we tag questions about {subject}? Who should the moderators be? What’s the “elevator pitch” for our site? What should our logo and site design look like? How do we … We create beta sites through the open democratic process at Stack Exchange Area 51. “Beta” means that the site is still being defined and constructed, which leads to a few differences from the non …
inappropriate content only encourages it – whereas flagging allows removal without providing undue attention. Flagging a question or answer: To flag a question or answer, click the “flag” link at the … . If the content or behavior is not in a place where you can conveniently flag it directly, please flag any post by the user in question and leave a custom reason explaining what you think should be …
Registration is not required to participate on Stack Exchange; you can read, answer, and suggest edits as an anonymous user, much like on Wikipedia. There are some things you won’t be able to do on … the site without registering, however, such as vote. Registering is easy, and once logged in, you can gain other key privileges by earning reputation. If you have a registered account on any other …
When a user receives a good answer to their question, that user has the option to "accept" an answer. Acceptance is indicated by a colored checkmark next to the answer that has been accepted by the … original author of the question. Accepting an answer is not meant to be a definitive and final statement indicating that the question has now been answered perfectly. It simply means that the author …
you republish any Stack Exchange content. Please read the terms of service and the full legal text of the license carefully for more details on how your content can be used. …
of spam protection. While our systems are still learning to trust new users, additional positing limits might be imposed if the system detects that a large amount of spam or abusive content has been … posted from others utilizing your Internet provider in your area. If you are seeing this message, limiting how often you can post: You can only post 2 times each day due to the volume of spam …
reputation score around the site, as part of your usercard. The badge system exists for two reasons: to teach new users how Stack Exchange works to encourage activities that are positive to the community … skilled, knowledgeable, and dedicated to earn these. Many badges can be awarded multiple times, so don't stop after you've earned a badge once. Badges are always earned by achieving a measurable …
What are tag wikis? Tag wikis are a general introduction to a topic defined by that tag. They're a place to consolidate and form a sub-community around a tag. They contain, among other things … review task. You can also visit the tag wiki page itself and click on the edit links (similar to a regular post with a suggested edit pending on it) to view the suggestion and vote on it from there …
What are protected questions? A protected question prevents answers being added by anonymous and very new users. Questions should be protected when they are garnering lots of views and newbies are … adding "me too!", "thanks!" and possibly even spam non-answers. Which questions can be protected? Any question at least a day old can be protected and unprotected by users that have the privilege …
If you’re looking for more details or context about this community’s policies, our meta-discussion site hosts a section of constantly evolving frequently asked questions that documents everything … about the site. If you are experiencing issues not documented on the site, or want to report a security vulnerability, please contact us directly. …
moderator task is to follow up on flagged posts. Every post contains a small flag link, which anyone with 15 reputation can use. Posts can be flagged as spam, offensive, or just general “needs moderator … attention” with an explanatory comment or link. Once flagged, a post increments a flag count that shows up in the topbar for every moderator. If you see anything in the system that is evil, weird …
Flair is an image summarizing your accomplishments (your reputation, your badges, the top sites you've participated on), suitable for display on your own website or printing out and pinning to a vest …