I believe the technical skills that are shown below the handle are picked up from careers.stackexchange.com? However, in my case android is showing up as adobe. Please see the screenshots below:
The Stack Overflow users page shows what top tags you were active in the selected period. The default currently is the week-to-date. You received most votes for the c#, adobe and asp.net tags this week.
The Careers tags list you showed is a free-form list; you can edit that list and add and remove tags. It is not used anywhere on Stack Overflow.