I am subscribed to new questions in the "model-theory" tag on Maths.SE. So today, I got an e-mail with a single new question:
The problem is relatively simple: This question has been removed by its author. As such, I contend it is not relevant any more (since I don't have over 10k rep). So, this question ought not to show up in the e-mail; consequently, the entire e-mail is superfluous.
So, two questions: