The "view close vote" privilege allows you to see the number of close votes on your post before it is closed, as well as allow you to vote to close your own post and (and also offers the same privileges for reopening as well). That's it, there's nothing more to it.
It sounds like you are hoping that you can see individual pieces of information from the voters to get insight into why they voted to close your post, but from the perspective of a close voter, the only insight that we can offer outside of leaving a comment is the text of the close reason, which you have already:
"Questions asking for code must demonstrate a minimal understanding of the problem being solved. Include attempted solutions, why they didn't work, and the expected results. See also: Stack Overflow question checklist" – Marcin Orlowski, Madara Uchiha, Jeremy, tereško, hakre
Although you appear to be aware already, it is worth mentioning for future reference, that this close reason was removed about the same time your post was closed because it was often misused or misinterpreted.
For your specific post, even though it isn't what you are asking here, it seems to be what you are interested in understanding. As I mentioned above, except for the text of the close reason that everyone selected, the only other way to provide feedback on why you are close and how to improve is via a comment.
You do have a few comments explaining why the post was closed, including one from one of the commenters.
Sounds like meta.stackoverflow.com/questions/66377/what-is-the-xy-problem to me. – Neikos Dec 25 '13 at 16:55
You need to develope your own parser, or try to find a one at web. In any case, this can't be solved just with a couple of lines of JS. – Teemu Dec 25 '13 at 17:04
"Or generally how to solve this problem." - This starts with looking for duplicates and a little research. Normally this involves just using a library that does the job for you. Those do exist. So it does not start with looking for a regex (and the answer you did accept isn't pure regex either btw). – hakre Dec 25 '13 at 17:26
Assuming this is the case, then there is probably little that can be done, unless someone with more language familiarity and offer you specific insight into your post.