No, you won't be able to view the question or the OP's comments unless you have 10K reputation.
However, if you feel the person self-deleted their question after getting help and did so in an abusive way, you can flag for moderator attention to ask the moderators to undelete the question. They might or might not grant such a request:
If the question got an answer and then the OP self-deleted (e.g., before the answer could get any upvotes), that's considered abusive and moderators will typically undelete in that case.
If the question didn't get an answer and only got comments, that's a bit different and moderators might not choose to forcibly undelete.
[ Yes, this is good motivation to either answer in an answer (if the question is clear enough to provide a full answer) or vote/flag to put it on hold as 'unclear' until the question is clarified enough to be answerable (if the question isn't clear enough to provide a full answer). ]
Since the post is deleted, you won't be able to flag it yourself. Instead, if you want to flag it, find some other post (e.g., one of your own posts) and flag it for moderator attention with a custom message, and link to the deleted question.