I was reading this post and found lots of broken links, for example the URL https://meta.stackoverflow.com/help/badges/54/electorate seems to be about the gold Electorate badge, but try it; it goes to: Help Center > Badges > Enthusiast. Here is another one: https://meta.stackoverflow.com/help/badges/65/copy-editor
This site you're on used to be Meta Stack Overflow, and those links used to go to the correct pages. A long time ago, this Meta was split off to its own site and Stack Overflow got a normal per-site Meta. Since the badge ID numbers are not always consistent across sites, and the links were never updated to use this site's URL, they started pointing to different badges than what they indicated.
All that's needed is an edit to fix the links. There is no bug in the system.