Yesterday I was awarded the same silver Good Answer badge twice. For the same post, about 5 minutes apart:
Both links lead to the same answer post. The timestamps are just under 5 minutes apart, at 2018-06-23 21:23:58Z and 2018-06-23 21:28:55Z.
This was probably some race condition somewhere, a rare bug perhaps. Assuming the extra badge was awarded in error, it can be removed as far as I am concerned. While I appreciate every badge awarded to me, I don't think it'll hurt to remove the extra badge here. :-)
I was, however, not the only one to receive double badges around that time; the following doubled badges all were awarded between 21:19:00 and 21:38:54:
- 6 double bronze Popular Question badges: user #1, user #2, user #3, user #4, user #5, user #6
- 5 double bronze Nice Answer badges: user #1, user #2, user #3, user #4, user #5
- 1 double gold Great Answer badge: very (un)lucky user #1
Almost surprising: there were no double Notable Question badges, even though there were badges awarded in that time period.
(This list was hand-compiled, so I can easily have missed some).