In Merge two mysql tables from all row in table 1, but extra row in table 2 by id column the answerer accused me of downvoting his answer, just because I made comments that his answer doesn't really address what I think was the real intent of the question.

I actually downvote very sparingly. I only downvote answers when they're outright wrong and misleading. But since I frequently make comments (which I hope will be taken constructively), posters often assume I'm also the one who downvoted them.

Is there some way for non-moderators to tell who voted on a question or answer, so I can prove that it wasn't me? Is it in SEDE?

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    If the answerer is going to respond emotionally to a downvote (and sometimes it's just the ONE downvote!) then there's the chance that they won't ever accept that you didn't downvote them even if there was a way to show them. You should just ignore it most of the time, since until people perceive downvotes as aggression/hostility/etc. there's no way to help it. Sometimes, people say something like "not the downvoter, but" in hopes of having a constructive interaction with the answerer. – M.A.R. Apr 10 '19 at 11:28
  • What I normally do is leave a comment saying that I did not down vote the answer if there is concern. If you rarely down vote you can point to the votes cast table at the bottom of the activity tab on your profile to show that it was not likely you. BTW. +1. I did not down vote your question. – Frank Hubeny Apr 10 '19 at 11:38
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    You could screencap the post to show that the voting buttons stent highlighted. Especially given the community though, that would be easy to fake, which if they're inclined to not believe you, they could accuse you of. Honestly, if someone's getting so bent out of shape that you feel that you need to prove to that to them, just find a different question. Your time is too valuable to waste it on someone who's unwilling to take feedback. – Carcigenicate Apr 10 '19 at 12:18
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    Meh, you don't need to answer to him. Flag as no longer needed and let the mods handle it ;) – Journeyman Geek Apr 10 '19 at 12:49
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    The real question here is why you didn't downvote an answer that you think is not a useful answer to the question. If you think that the answer doesn't answer the question you really should have downvoted, so that other readers of the question would know that you think it's not a useful answer. When you have valuable feedback on posts don't just refuse to share that useful information with others. – Servy Apr 10 '19 at 13:24
  • As I said, my policy is to downvote answers that give wrong information or totally miss the point of the question. In this case, it's just a small difference of opinion about the nature of the question. The trinary upvote/neutral/downvote doesn't provide for much granularity, and I use downvotes for answers that you should actively be wary of. – Barmar Apr 10 '19 at 13:30
  • @servy There is no such thing as should or shouldn't when it comes to voting. Each person has their own reasons and justifications. If I vote only because my coin lands on heads or tails, then that's my right. Otherwise, votes would be knowable and tracked by some kind of authority—or they wouldn't even exist, because there'd be some kind of objective criteria in place that wouldn't require subjective input. – Jason Bassford Apr 10 '19 at 13:39
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    @Barmar: If one person thinks you downvoted a post when you didn't... just ignore them. Let it go; it's not worth spending time on. – Nicol Bolas Apr 10 '19 at 13:40
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    @JasonBassford No, that's just false. People should upvote posts they think are helpful, and they should downvote posts that they think aren't helpful. We can't force them to, but that's what the feature is there for and what people are expected to do. You don't have a right to upvote posts that you think are harmful and to downvote posts that you think are helpful just because that's how a coin landed, it's simply a matter that there's no possible mechanism for anyone to prove that you weren't in fact voting based on the usefulness of the post – Servy Apr 10 '19 at 13:43
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    That no one can prove that you did something wrong doesn't make it right, or mean you have a right to do it. It just means the rule is unenforceable in a large majority of cases, which is unfortunate, but there's nothing we can do about that. Additionally, users are given wide latitude to determine what they think is or is not useful. Lots of people disagree on what's useful, and that's okay, but they are expected to vote based on how useful the post is. – Servy Apr 10 '19 at 13:43
  • Proof, if you didn't vote: Upvote and ask if they see it. Whether they reply or not downvote. Now your vote can't be changed without an edit, so they must fix thieir post to get the vote changed. --- Best to just ignore such accusations, they can be flagged. – Rob Apr 10 '19 at 14:14
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    @JasonBassford No, that's what the site's rules say. And yes, votes being mostly (but not entirely) anonymous are one of the factors that means that it's not often enforceable. That you rarely get caught for breaking that rule doesn't mean you're not breaking the rules, it just means you didn't get caught. – Servy Apr 10 '19 at 15:23
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    @Servy These are all general guidelines, not hard and fast rules. As Jason said, it's a democracy, we get to decide where to draw the line. I personally prefer to spend my time answering questions and helping others improve their answers, and voting is something I do relatively sparingly for either exceptionally good or bad posts. – Barmar Apr 10 '19 at 15:43
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    @JasonBassford No, SO isn't a democracy. The company and their employees make the rules, not the users. There are many things to which the site chooses to let users use their discretion, for example, as mentioned, users are given wide latitude in determining what they think useful content is. But when there is actually evidence that a user is voting based on something other than the usefulness of the post, the site can, and does, reverse the votes, and occasionally take further action. – Servy Apr 10 '19 at 15:43
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    @JasonBassford You make it sound like people in a non-democratic community have no agency at all. That's not true. The company creates the rules, with no authority at all to the community members. That's not a democracy. That people may choose to ignore those rules and do whatever they want doesn't make the society democratic. There are plenty of non-democratic societies where people break the rules and don't get caught doing it. Of course a community being undemocratic doesn't mean it's evil or anything. – Servy Apr 10 '19 at 15:56

Is there some way for non-moderators to tell who voted on a question or answer, so I can prove that it wasn't me? Is it in the SEDE?

No, not even ♦ moderators can see individual votes.

The simplest way to prove it (if you insist) is to indicate that you're going to downvote it at a specified moment in the future (and later retract it) – if you would have already downvoted the post, that would be impossible.

But perhaps the best option is just to walk away? Even in the scenario I mentioned, a persistent victim could still argue you made the downvote with a sockpuppet account.

Technical details as mentioned by TheTXI in his answer to this question:

To tell if, how, and who voted on a specific post, the votes are stored in a database. And of course Stack Exchange employees/developers do have access to that information, but it's only used in exceptional circumstances, such as investigating voting fraud.

  • So much for my idea that he ask a moderator if he doesn't believe me. :) – Barmar Apr 10 '19 at 11:13
  • Your voting history is documented in the Activity tab. If you want to prove that you voted or didn’t vote you can take a screenshot of it like this. – Alex Apr 10 '19 at 20:11

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