I checked multiple related questions and the only answer I found is a now defunct link: https://stackexchange.com/about/team. It redirects me to https://stackoverflow.com/company (which is weird in its own - I get that Stack Overflow is the most popular site, but this information should be present on Stack Exchange). I cannot find a list of employees on the /company site - I assume it went under some restructuring.
There's a (community-maintained) list of Community Managers: Who are the Community Team, and what do they do?. But there are more types of employees than Community Managers.
Other than that, you can verify if somebody is an employee via the API: How can I verify an account as belonging to a Stack Exchange employee? but there's no way to get a filtered list. You'd have to scroll through the entire user list (100 at a time, the maximum page size of the API) and have your code filter out the employees.
I get that Stack Overflow is the most popular site, but this information should be present on Stack Exchange
Yes, that is confusing. The company is indeed officially called Stack Exchange Inc., but Stack Overflow is used as the (main) brand / trade name, as explained here (for the record, that's a former Stack Overflow employee and they were still one at the time that was written).