The review queue home pages look pretty much the same across the Stack Exchange network. However, I noticed that on Stack Overflow the Close Votes and Reopen Votes review queues have an option to filter on the close reason (ordered by the most common one? I can't tell):
and the First Posts review queue on Super User has an option to filter on tag (only [windows-10] is shown, I suppose that's the most common tag):
Is there any (documented or not) logic when those options are shown? The post linked to by @rene mentions
Currently it's enabled only on Stack Overflow. Note, that we have a big threshold (50) for how many outstanding reviews there must be with a tag or close reason in order for it to show up on the dashboard.
Update Jan 3rd, 2017: As noted below, this is implemented - however, it cannot be enabled for tags on Stack Overflow, as it will bring the site to its knees.
Close reason filters from /review are still operational, and tags as well on smaller sites (currently Super User and Ask Ubuntu).
I assume that's still up-to-date, but the type/tag filters are only shown when you have access to the queues so I can't check. Still, it's close enough to what I was looking for.