Is It Time To Decentralize?

Disclaimer: Some may take this as a middle finger to SE and/or staff. I genuinely don't intend that. I think SE should want to decentralize, and could benefit from it. This is intended entirely to examine what I believe would be the best option for everyone, staff and community alike. I hope that comes through below, and apologize if I fail to be clear in that way.

There has been a lot happening recently - and not great stuff. From likely illegal content relicensing to the horrible treatment of Monica to questions about the TL being toxic to concerns about moderator review processes to GDPR issues - and even declines in sites as well as answer quality on sites. In short, serious concerns about network health - most of all the behavior of staff has led to a general sense of distrust, sparking what's been called a "crisis" by many users. Many users are now questioning why they are still here, raising money to help Monica because of harm caused by SE, and talking about labor laws. In fact, some people think SE should split into a for-profit and non-profit entity.

Is it time to make this a decentralized platform? Could a decentralized platform work? If so, what would it look like?

It seems to me like a lot of the frustration lately has come from relationships between staff and the community; a platform that didn't rely on the central control and development might allow for more options of future growth.

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    @KevinB Why not? – cegfault Nov 1 '19 at 15:37
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    A lot of the issues here are not technical, they're social. There's a project or two that could for the basis for a perfectly good, though not distributed SE alternative, both in the pipeline, or existing, though needing updates. – Journeyman Geek Nov 1 '19 at 15:40
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    Putting the development/control of individual sites in the hands of the loudest minority is not ideal. – user400654 Nov 1 '19 at 15:41
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    Not going to happen. SE needs "the free stuff" to add value to its commercial products. Who are you going to show job adds, if no-one visits your platform? Why would you want to use a teams product, if for all other answers you have to go elsewhere? – Luuklag Nov 1 '19 at 15:42
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    @JourneymanGeek "A lot of the issues here are not technical, they're social." And, more to the point, decentralized social systems simply do not work at any non-trivial scale. They've been tried. Over and over and over again, they've been tried. And they always fail; it's something that looks good on paper but just doesn't jibe well with human nature. So why try it again? Remember, the most dangerous words in the English language are "this time is different, I swear!" – Mason Wheeler Nov 1 '19 at 17:57
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    Can you include in your question some background info like: What problems do you think the sites are having that can be solved by decentralization/detachment? Advantages and disadvantages, notable examples like perhaps MathOverflow, statistics of improvement/degradation in various areas, etc? Like what makes you believe this is a beneficial move? – user1306322 Nov 1 '19 at 21:32
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    "a platform that didn't rely on the central control and development might allow for more options of future growth." Or it might not. Without central control and development maybe nothing really gets done. – Trilarion Nov 1 '19 at 21:42

I get the impression that most of the sites on the Stack Exchange network are seen as a net drain rather than a net good by the company. We're too small to drive significant traffic, often too small to be attractive even for ads, and yet we chew up a lot of employee time and company resources. It might serve everybody better to allow sites to depart gracefully while preserving the core functionality.

In other words, it seems to be in SE's best interests to support communities that want to depart. What would that support look like? The biggest barrier to any "rebuild elsewhere" effort is the "rebuild" part, writing or adapting the replacement software. It would be better if a friendly agreement between a community and SE could lead to the community running with SE's software, but on its own servers (which that community would have to provide).

SE has a way to do that. They sell that solution to large companies with deep pockets. The small communities that SE doesn't draw value from don't have deep pockets and can't pay for SO Enterprise. But the fact that the product exists suggests that something would be possible here.

What would it take for an interested community to gain access to the SE software to run outside of the SE network? Is it in everyone's best interest to allow that path to exist, just as SE 1.0 once did? Would SE grant a perpetual (or at least long-term) license, free or inexpensive, and wish a community the best?

Of course not being part of the network means not being tied into network-wide features like global login, featured meta posts, and HNQ. These are among the things a community would have to discuss. Login, at least, should be a solvable problem somehow, because SO Enterprise and SO Teams users need to be able to log in too, but I don't know if those are tied to corporate LDAP or some such (which would be a problem). We've now reached the limits of my knowledge in this area, but what's needed first is the higher-level discussion, not a deep dive into details. Would the expedient, mutually-beneficial path to separation be available to an interested community?

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    SO enterprise uses a standard SSO system as an option. I can't remember which one on account of it being past midnight, but running your own is something I was looking at since I really don't want to be tied to google or facebook, and want to arbitrarily create and remotely remove logins/credentials. Used to be able to do it with openid ._. Will update if I remember what it was – Journeyman Geek Nov 1 '19 at 16:25
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    we chew up a lot of employee time and company resources We shouldn't, IMO. – ChrisW Nov 1 '19 at 16:31
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    @JourneymanGeek thanks for the info. It seems prudent to support Google and Facebook (sigh), both because people generally expect them and to facilitate migration, but also having another option (like SE does with email-based sign-ins) would definitely be good. – Monica Cellio Nov 1 '19 at 16:43
  • Could you clarify which parts you are envisioning splitting off, and which not? – aparente001 Nov 1 '19 at 17:47
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    @aparente001 there are a few sites (trilogy and a handful of others) that SE presumably cares about keeping on their network as part of their brand and/or a source of ad revenue. I'm suggesting that any site not on that list that wants to leave be helped to do so in a way that minimizes disruption. That's a better outcome than people setting up an alternate site and the community fragmenting, so it's better for the community, and if the small sites are the burden they seem to be, it's better for SE. – Monica Cellio Nov 1 '19 at 17:50
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    I had to look it up! I found out trilogy = StackOverflow, ServerFault and SuperUser. Sigh. I just wish they would talk to you. // Any idea of the budget needed for the sort of split you started to sketch out in this answer? // Related post, hope you'll take a look: meta.stackexchange.com/q/337300/287826 – aparente001 Nov 1 '19 at 18:00
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    @aparente001: There is a Stack Exchange glossary (but it has the same problem of discoverability). And my profile page (but again the same problem). – Peter Mortensen Nov 1 '19 at 18:58
  • @ChrisW even in the best of situations, users generate work for the site owners. That why SO has... uhm.. had.. several hundred moderators to decentralise that burden too. – gbjbaanb Nov 1 '19 at 21:40
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    @PeterMortensen - Sorry, what's VC? – aparente001 Nov 1 '19 at 22:26
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    -1, because you are 100% wrong. 'The biggest barrier to any "rebuild elsewhere" effort' is NOT in any way, shape or form, the software, or the unified login. It's two things first and foremost: network effects; and SEO Google search position. Both of those have been generated with the volunteer work of people contributing to SE (mostly SO); and cannot be recreated at scale. I (or well, a talented small team of developers) can easily re-create SE, or Twitter, or Facebook software, especially for smaller scale. It's re-creating the network effect that is near impossible. – DVK Nov 2 '19 at 15:15
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    I think the most important thing that decentralization could offer is being independent of the CoC. – Jeff Darwood Nov 2 '19 at 17:00
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    @DVK: If it's a divorce on amicable terms, there's no reason why the departing sites should lose their SEO position. SE can put in an HTTP forward, and Google understands that. – MSalters - reinstate Monica Nov 3 '19 at 0:00
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    That's why I talked about it as migration, @DVK. If a group splits off while SE continues to host a site, the new site loses. If SE assists a community in relocating, however, there's no search-engine competition. Some communities don't really benefit from the network effect and might be happy to go elsewhere -- the more niche the topic, the less benefit there is from HNQ. The largest challenge is people (the community), but I don't think the software is as trivial as you do. – Monica Cellio Nov 3 '19 at 1:07
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    @JeffDarwood more broadly, self-governance. A community can set rules that make sense for that community. – Monica Cellio Nov 3 '19 at 1:10
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    @DVK let me try again: my proposal is that if the Unicorns site moves, there will no longer be a unicorns.stackexchange.com site to be a search target. I'm suggesting that SE assist sites it doesn't value anyway in moving, not cloning. Yes the new site will have to start over with SEO, but SE wouldn't be competing. – Monica Cellio Nov 3 '19 at 15:13

Could a decentralized platform work?

No, it won't work. There have been numerous proposals over the past 20 years over how a "decentralised"/"community owned" social network could function, but in reality none of these proposals ever materialised into a successful project. Even websites like Wikipedia which run on donations still have a large body of employees and don't necessarily function under completely democratic principles.

In reality the only threat to SE's business is another company taking their data dump and then proceeding to build a clone of Stack Exchange while dumping tens of millions of dollars into advertising. But this new company wouldn't necessarily be any more democratic than SE's current management. And it could be even worse if an Internet giant such as Google takes over, as you won't ever have a chance to interact with management beyond a generic customer support line.

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    can you link or expand on at least one of the failed proposed decentralized solutions? since this is highly dependent on exact implementation, it's good to know what exactly we're referring to as examples of unlikely and plausible paths to a good result – user1306322 Nov 1 '19 at 22:13
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    @user1306322 Diaspora comes to my mind as one example. It's been around since Q4 2010, so hasn't exactly failed, though (per Wikipedia) only has less than 700,000 users in total. Compare this to Facebook, which has been publicly available since Q3 2006 and now has almost 40,000 employees and passed 100 million registered users in 2008, and had 2.3 billion active users in Dec 2018. We could discuss details, but clearly, Facebook's centralized development and hosting model has achieved something Diaspora's distributed one hasn't. – a CVn Nov 2 '19 at 12:13
  • @acvn yep, Diaspora is the most famous example. Decentralised communities don't work, neither online nor in real life. – JonathanReez Nov 2 '19 at 16:32
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    Mastodon has 2.2 million users currently and as far as I can tell is still growing. It's more of a Twitter alternative but, I don't think decentralization alone is the problem. – Em C Nov 2 '19 at 19:49
  • @EMC Mastodon looks interesting. Do they have examples of heavily right wing communities on the platform, as a proof of their openness to any speech? – JonathanReez Nov 2 '19 at 20:38
  • I'm not extremely familiar but I know Gab migrated to it - theverge.com/2019/7/12/20691957/… talks about that, sounds like the creators didn't (and couldn't, bc decentralized) do much other than declining to add it in their directory, and mostly it was up to individual server admins whether to block the Gab instance. – Em C Nov 2 '19 at 20:44
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    To some degree that mirrors how different stacks have their own local site norms, though there's still a lot of overlap and the CoC of course.. but decentralization isn't and shouldn't IMO be a synonym for unmoderated - moderation is still necessary because of spam and trolls and human nature. I do think the concept of a social networking "protocol" instead of a complete package controlled by one entity is intriguing though. – Em C Nov 2 '19 at 21:05
  • @EmC doesn't sound like a free platform then, unfortunately. It's okay if individual users block a channel they dislike, but site admins making decisions for their entire communities isn't much better than StackExchange making decisions at a corporate level. – JonathanReez Nov 2 '19 at 22:05
  • @EmC reading the article it appears that the "Fediverse" has its own code of conduct and not following it means you won't be listed on their official pages. IMO it isn't any different from SE's CoC. – JonathanReez Nov 2 '19 at 22:13
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    As I understand it, individual servers are totally free to operate their own local communities however they wish - going against the Fediverse CoC just means they won't advertise it for you (à la that one xkcd). So the model seems more analogous to, say, SE taking a site off HNQ, or site mods suspending people who post certain types of content, but those people are still free to participate on other stacks.. Anyways, we can agree to disagree, I just wanted to share an example that people might not be aware of :) – Em C Nov 2 '19 at 22:23

Is it time to make this a decentralized platform?

Un-answerable objectively. Especially since you have not defined what a "decentralized platform" actually means.

Could a decentralized platform work?

In most meanings of the word, the answer is unfortinately "no, it could not work" - but NOT for obvious reasons (stated in other answers), and nothing to do with it being a decentralized platform - ANY new platform would not work.

The simple reason can be boiled down to "It would not be THE SE/SO brand and network". More specifically, "The SE/SO" means two things that present a near-insurmountable moat/barrier:

1. Network effects/existing user base/brand

SO has gradually over the time attracted millions of users and hundreds of thousands active participating users.

The ONLY reason it works as well as it does is this volume.

This is why many small sites on SE platform struggle and why SE closed down Area 51 process - even with SO influenced volume bump AND (see #2 below) Google rank, new sites simply can't get off the ground.

2. Search Engine Optimization (SEO) - most importantly, high Google page rank.

Again, SE/SO built this up gradually over long time, based on efforts of said active participating users. Starting from scratch, your new site - decentralized or not - would have zero chance to compete with SO/SE given that as per SE's own words, most their traffic comes from Google.

If so, what would it look like?

The only way it would work/look like, would be (obviously, this would never happen and SE the company would never consider it) would be for them to relinquish the BRAND (specifically, URLs that Google page rank is based on) as well as all existing users.

In other words, SE/SO content would stay exactly as they are on the same (user-facing) web sites/URLs, but be run by a different entity (or decentralized set of entities); with the same userbase who may have been migrated to new back-end.

Whether that would be running on existing (provided for free or for pay) SE back end software, or on some replacement software, is not 100% important - it would have effects around the margins, but the "viable/non-viable" line is not that.


I don't see why not. They just have to follow the kind of model WordPress uses, where the server and software is managed centrally and any old fool can set up their own site using the platform (either with "powered by SO for Teams" banners or paid for that ad-free experience).

There would still be the issue of poor governance though, if SO decided that they wanted to control what kind of site was allowed, or what kind of content was allowed (no Q&A site for Illinois neo-Nazis for example) or mandatory. They would have to give up a lot of control over the sites to the new site owners, and I doubt they'd do that even if they wanted to lose the hassle of managing them.


Is it time to make this a decentralized platform? Could a decentralized platform work? If so, what would it look like?

In your question you miss a subset of SE, as the only site that is really tied with other is SO and SO for Teams, and for me it's that one that would need to be more independent, or more protected from the users that use it.

As that bring another question: Why is a paid platform tied to a free platform? Possibly after we could argue that, the Hot Meta Post from SO and the HNQ got tweaked to hide problematic site/contents from paid customers that see SO.

I bring that point as in the world of each site, each site follow the guidance of MSE, but MSE brings a layout, and we have a certain liberty inside that layout.

An example in the handling of comments: on the site I am a moderator on, comments are really important for the diagnostic step and as such I rarely delete useful comments and I almost never move to chat, as the diagnostic is important, as much as the answer sometime. On that matter I differ from the leading of MSE, that comments are worthless and can be erased anytime.

It's why for me each communities are already independent somehow, with the tool subset MSE give us to moderate, but the fact that we got paid customers mixed with SO can bring bad business decisions IMO in the long term.

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    If you think MSE is aggressive with comments you should see the site I moderate ;-) – Rubiksmoose Nov 1 '19 at 16:42
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    @Rubiksmoose I'm scared already \(º □ º l|l)/ – Suvitruf says Reinstate Monica Nov 1 '19 at 17:05
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    @SuvitrufsaysReinstateMonica As a member of that site where Rubik moderates, I love the better signal to noise ration of that site. I wish more SE sites embraced that comment discipline. The comment piles on MSE are mostly noise, though there is some pretty good signal buried in there. – KorvinStarmast Nov 1 '19 at 21:31
  • What do you mean by "...the only site that is really tied with other is SO and SO for Team"? Is it "...the only sites that are really tied with each other are SO and SO for Team"? – Peter Mortensen Nov 1 '19 at 22:21
  • @PeterMortensen Yes, I mean that. as if you are a member of a Teams, you don’t see that site in your profile site list. You have to go to SO, and then you see your team on the left with question showed for the teams and SO question in the display per default. – yagmoth555 Nov 1 '19 at 23:53

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