I wrote a SEDE query which tries to measure this. It works as follows: it lists (almost*) all reputation events which are affected by the daily reputation limit: up- and downvotes received to both questions and answer, and approved suggested edits. It stores these both for the old rules (
OldReputation) and the new rules (
NewReputation). It then calculates how much reputation they would've given under the old rules:
(CASE WHEN SUM(OldReputation) > 200 THEN 200 ELSE SUM(OldReputation) END)
and compares that with the same calculation for the new rules. When I run it for my own account on Meta Stack Exchange you see that I gained about 7000 reputation:
which is consistent with my own observation (I went from about 91k to about 98k that day). To run it for your own user account, use the site switcher to select the correct site, and enter your UserId which you can find in the URL of your profile page (or use my userscript to have it filled automatically).
There's a network-wide version of the SEDE query but it times out for users with a lot of posts like me.
*: downvotes given on answer cost 1 reputation and affect the daily reputation cap. If there's a day you didn't reach the cap under the old rules, but the new rules changed that, and you spent some reputation on downvoting answers that day, you might have gained a few more reputation points because of the rule change than this query indicates. Or a few points less perhaps, I'm not fully awake yet. Similarly, the exact sequence of down- and upvotes at the end of the UTC day might make a difference a SEDE query can't account for, because vote dates are truncated. That feature, and since the rule change went live gradually on November 13th, I've decided to count all votes on November 13th, even though they might have been cast after the rule change went live. There's another rule the query can't account for and which might influence the result in both ways: you retain reputation for deleted posts older than 60 days and a score of +3 or higher but they don't show up in SEDE.