Recently, a discussion came up in our internal Charcoal team (requires access) as to autoflags and pinging users whose accounts are used to cast automatic flags that are later deemed to have been incorrectly cast. Right now, the bot attempts to ping users who've cast such flags, so that those users can go and retract those flags so that they don't count toward the post being automatically deleted. However, if a user isn't pingable in our primary chat room or doesn't have a chat profile (or it was deleted), they won't receive the alert. At least a few users have expressed that not being able to ping the involved users is a problem in the linked internal discussion.
After I saw the discussion, I remembered that the chat system does have a feature that allows pinging users even if they aren't pingable in a room and even if they don't have a chat profile, called "super-pinging". However, to use it, the user must be a moderator on the network, meaning that one of Charcoal's bot accounts (don't remember which exact one) needs to have moderator privileges to use it. (As Makyen commented, Charcoal isn't seeking this; this is just an example.)
Per the general policy on alternate accounts and privileges, if one wants an alternate account (e.g. a bot account) to have privileges, the account must earn those privileges in its own right, rather than through the help of one's main account. This makes sense for reputation-based privileges. But what about bot accounts that require moderator privileges in order to perform their tasks? Currently, the policy means that such bots will need to be elected as site moderators in their own right, but this goes against the purpose of elections (to fill slots in a team of moderators).
Wikipedia has a special process to have bot accounts gain administrative privileges; such accounts aren't required to go through the general voting process for new prospective administrators. Does SE have a special process for moderator rights for bots? Are bots with moderator privileges allowed to operate on SE sites?
Note that I'm looking for a general answer, rather than one primarily focused on the example. Also, to be clear, moderator privileges would only be granted to bot accounts if the bot's owner is already a moderator.