According to the former, I earned 80 reputation points yesterday (24 September 2021), with a total score of 76618 at the end of the day:
-- 2021-09-23 rep +110 = 76538 2 4256335 (10) 1 4256335 (15) 1 4259040 (15) 2 4259040 (10) 2 4259040 (10) 2 4259040  2 4259344  -- 2021-09-24 rep +80 = 76618
According to the latter, it is 70 points for the day, with a total score of 76608 at the end of the day:
It seems that the vote on https://math.stackexchange.com/a/4259344/42969 from yesterday is counted in in /reputation, but not in the reputation tab of my profile on Math.SE.
There are similar questions about reputation after a user removal (1, 2), but those seem to be about voting and removal occurring on different days. Also these do not explain the reported discrepancy, unless I am mistaken.
Another similar issue was reported here: Reputation glitch after undownvote, but that is about undownvote, not user removal, and it was never answered.
All this happened yesterday, so I would assume that any rep recalculation would have happened in the meantime.
How can this be explained?