Community Moderator Elections does not require users to disclose their participation on another network site, to disclose having multiple accounts, and to link their account to something that could identify them as individuals, like a government ID, a LinkedIn account or as a standard requirement.
In situations like this, we should make special efforts to emphasize that communication with the community starts from a good faith stance. It's assumed that the audience has come looking to contribute to achieving the community goals and that the community members will do their best to contribute constructively.
It's expected that if someone has a recent suspension on any Stack Exchange site, no matter which of their multiple accounts that suspension was applied or if any other other participation criteria are not met, the user will refrain from participating as an election candidate without requiring the intervention of something or someone to block it.
Still, there are several measures in place to prevent misuse and abuse. It's well known that there are flags and a Contact form for the community to help with this effort. Still, there are also tools for Community Moderators and Community Managers to monitor community activity, which I think should not be disclosed publicly to protect their effectiveness and the moderator agreement doesn't allow to reveal information that is intended for moderators only.
I don't know if there has been an election where the questions for the nominees have asked anything related to this. It might be possible that someone in their description might share about their moderation experience or that someone has mentioned something about the interaction with one of the nominees. But if this has ever happened, this was anecdotal, random.
There are possibilities that there have been natural persons having multiple accounts and being moderators on more than one account without being noticed by the general public, hopefully, because they are using multiple accounts for legit purposes, like using one for professional matters or another for leisure matters.
If you have a fair concern about the general Community Moderator Election process, you should create a feature-request.
Be careful to request to start a witch-hunting. There are several demands from the community and very few resources.
Here is a bit about my recent experience handling multiple accounts as a moderator
- Don't use multiple accounts to circumvent restrictions.
- Don't use one of your accounts to interact with another account: don't do anything that might affect the reputation or the status of a post, message, flag or vote done with one of your accounts.
- Don't simulate having a discussion / debate about the policy or post.
Note: I'm not using multiple account accounts to handle a chatroom bots.
During the moderation strike, I used an alternate account on the site that I moderate and announced this on a meta post. This account has my full name and uses an email from my domain, so anyone with access to PII could identify that both accounts belong to me without going into technical logs.
The site account of the alternate account is now deleted, and I have requested to associate the posts made with the alternate account to my moderator account.
To help me handle my accounts, I use multiple web browser profiles and user scripts to disable buttons to prevent prohibited actions.
The alternate account is being used in the GenAI site. In the GenAI Stackholders chatroom, it's known that both accounts are mine. Anyone thoroughly following this chatroom should have noticed this. On GenAI meta, I made a post with this account about the Stackholders group to not have to explain this. As I don't plan to post anything else, I deleted my GenAI account.
I might only keep these accounts on Stack Overflow, my main account, to participate in the tags I have been participating in for a long time and the account I'm using on GenAI for related stuff.
One of the advantages of having multiple accounts, using them to handle the participation on different topics separately, is that each topic has its inbox, reputation, etc., I.E. I can't take some time off from moderation but continue posting questions and answers without being annoyed with notifications related to moderation affairs, without having to add another user script to handle them.