The purpose of this page has been obsoleted by the implementation of the tag synonym feature request.

See the list of currently implemented tag synonyms.


I think it would be a good idea to keep all the potential tag synonyms in one spot, since a lot of that information is currently fragmented across many retag request questions and answers (particularly my own). There are also additional synonyms that can be put here, as I rarely post a request when I retag a set of questions -- the synonym information gets lost when I finish cleaning up.

Once a tag synonym system is implemented, using this repository will make it easy to get all the major synonyms into the system.

This question will be SO-centric (for obvious reasons), but should be able to apply to the whole Trilogy: currently, some tags are kept differently on SU vs. SO, for example, but a synonyms system should bring all the tags into line between the sites. I'm most familiar with SO, but feel free to add synonyms from the other sites.

This repository will also be useful for retaggers to check on certain tags to keep them clean. However, some of these synonyms are not currently followed in the system. So if you see a master/synonym pair with 800/700 questions or 80/10 in the wrong direction, it's probably best to do nothing about it yet, or clean up based on the highly dominant tag.


Based on my personal proposal for the synonym system, this repository will contain a set of master tags, and all synonyms of that master tag. I believe that's generic enough to fit the model of any potential synonym system.

Please try to follow the format I've started in the seed answers:

  • Group synonyms by major topic, and use one answer per topic (I'd like to minimize the number of answers in this question so searching using your web browser is easy)
  • Put all master tags in bold so they stand out
  • Keep the lists of tags in alphabetical order as much as possible so it's easy to find existing tags
  • Please search the question for a tag that's going to be added -- it may already be here, or lumped in with the miscellaneous tags

Any extended discussion about a potential synonym should be done in its own question, and update the appropriate answer in this question when consensus is reached. I'd like to keep the answers in here clean so there's no guesswork as to what goes in and what is left out -- fair warning that I will be aggressively flagging comments to help remove suggestions/notifications of updates as they are completed. Thanks!

Repository Index

  • Does it make sense to keep a set of tags related to versions, so instead of [asp.net-mvc-2-rtm] we should have [asp.net-mvc-2] + [rtm], and instead of [asp.net-mvc-2-beta] we should have [asp.net-mvc-2] + [beta] ?
    – alexandrul
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 16:10
  • Also, instead of [ioc-container] is it ok to use [inversion-of-control] + [container] ?
    – alexandrul
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 16:12
  • @alex: Tags should be unambiguous. If we introduced a [beta] tag, it doesn't really mean much as a category. [ioc-container] should become [inversion-of-control-container], but that's too long for a tag name. I'm not certain what to do with that specific example right now. Also, this may be of interest as well: meta.stackexchange.com/questions/41206/…
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 16:15
  • It would be great if the engine behind these sites could use this (or some other) kind of community-driven aliasing to auto-correct synonymous tags. Maybe something behind a reputation firewall, though, to keep people of low repute (literally and figuratively) from abusing the system.
    – fbrereto
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 22:38
  • @fbrereto: Yes, please see the first two links in my post, above.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 22:52
  • I'm not convinced all synonyms should be global across all the sites. (And depending on how things go with StackExchange, that could become definitely not.) 'Sides, then we can linkify the tags.
    – Gnome
    Commented May 20, 2010 at 20:12
  • @The Cat: Can you cite a counter-example where a tag group (with master/synonym tags) would not be valid across the Trilogy? (I'm not saying some of the synonyms here would apply to all sites, just that if those topics exist on all sites -- such as operating system related tags -- the groupings here should be used.) Also, this repository is not meant for StackExchange sites... the topics of those are, for all intents and purposes, completely unlimited, so they'll have to deal with tag synonyms on their own.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 20, 2010 at 20:24
  • Podcast 87 (oldish by now, but I listened to it recently) talked quite a bit (but no specific plans) about creating "wider"/larger communities and behavior, as contrasted with how all other SE sites are segregated now. That's the possibility I was referring to. I remember seeing a problem pointed out with a [retag-request] across sites with tags having different meanings, but I can't find it now. I agree many of them could be shared across SO/SU/SF. @jon
    – Gnome
    Commented May 20, 2010 at 20:45
  • Okay, fair enough... but honestly I don't see how that would bring about an objection about sharing tags across sites. Could you clarify that for me?
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 20, 2010 at 21:39
  • A [bug] tag would have a completely different meaning on stackoverflow and my-housekeeping-advice (sorry, couldn't think of anything better at this hour ;). Commented May 20, 2010 at 23:47
  • @3chars: When I say "across sites," I'm talking about the Trilogy sites -- StackExchange is a completely separate beast.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 22, 2010 at 16:38
  • @Jon: Counter example: [alt] could mean several different things, such as img's alt attribute, the alt key on keyboards, an alternate in a tournament (if a SE site is ever set up around sporting), alternating elements, or other kinds of alteratives. Adding [alt] to any global synonym list would be problematic.
    – Gnome
    Commented Jun 2, 2010 at 12:05
  • 1
    @The Cat: Right, I never said [alt] should be handled automatically. What should happen in those situations is to manually disambiguate the tags, then blacklist the ambiguous tag. And yes, it's possible other sites will need a synonym system, but as the SE sites start up, it will be easier for them if they already have a system in place to start than on SO where there's a huge amount of existing data. Regardless, the SE sites vary in topic so much, there would need to be a list for each site, without much crossover.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 2, 2010 at 15:39
  • 3
    Tag synonyms is implemented, time to start feeding these puppies into the system
    – waffles
    Commented Jul 14, 2010 at 5:53
  • 1
    @Jon I guess posting synonym requests on meta? Its a moderator only function for now, but I am running all of these past Marc and Bill before adding
    – waffles
    Commented Jul 14, 2010 at 22:17

14 Answers 14


Java, Java EE

[applet]: [applets]

[bean-validation]: [jsr303]

[ejb-3.0]: [ejb3], [ejb-3], [ejb3.0]
[ejb-3.1]: [ejb31], [ejb-31], [ejb3.1]

[glassfish-3]: [glassfish3], [glassfishv3], [glassfish-v3]

[hibernate-3]: [hibernate3]

[jakarta-commons-logging]: [apache-commons-logging]

[java-2d]: [java2d]
[java-3d]: [java3d]

[java-1.4]: [java1.4], [java14]
[java-5]: [java5], [java5.0], [java-5.0]
[java-6]: [java6], [java6.0], [java-6.0]
[java-7]: [java7], [java7.0], [java-7.0]

[java-applets]: [java-applet] (these can't be synonyms of [applets] to avoid collisions with e.g. Gnome stuff).

[java-ee]: [javaee], [jee]
[java-ee-5]: [javaee5], [javaee-5], [java-ee5], [jee5], [jee-5]
[java-ee-6]: [javaee6], [javaee-6], [java-ee6], [jee6], [jee-6]

[java-fx]: [javafx]

[java-io]: [javaio], [java.io]

[jax-rs]: [jaxrs]

[jax-ws]: [jaxws]

[jpa-2.0]: [jpa2], [jpa-2], [jpa2.0]

[jsf-2.0]: [jsf2], [jsf-2], [jsf2.0]

[jsp-tags]: [jsp-tag], [jsp-tag-files], [jsp-tagfiles]
[jsp-fragments]: [jspfragments], [jsp-fragment], [jspfragment], [jsp-f], [jspf]

[maven-2]: [maven2]

[servlets]: [servlet]
[servlet-filters]: [servletfilter], [servlet-filter], [servletfilters], [servlet]+[filter], [servlet]+[filters], [servlets]+[filter], [servlets]+[filters]

[tomcat-5.0]: [tomcat5], [tomcat-5], [tomcat5.0]
[tomcat-5.5]: [tomcat5.5]
[tomcat-6.0]: [tomcat6], [tomcat-6], [tomcat6.0]

[weblogic-8.x]: [weblogic8], [weblogic-8], [weblogic8.1], [weblogic-8.1], [weblogic8.x]
[weblogic-9.x]: [weblogic9], [weblogic-9] , [weblogic9.x]
[weblogic-10.x]: [weblogic10], [weblogic-10], [weblogic10.x]
[weblogic-11g]: [weblogic11], [weblogic-11], [weblogic11g]

  • I added some. I actually tend to prefer [servlet] as the main tag. The choice for [servlets] was intentional since when one enters servlet in the list, they would see servlets in the option list, but the other way round you won't see it.
    – user138231
    Commented May 16, 2010 at 23:31
  • @BalusC: Feel free to put [servlet] as master. Also, I still have big doubts about [java-ee-5] and [jee5] (same for 6). The current suggestion just seems more consistent. Commented May 16, 2010 at 23:35
  • 1
    Exactly. I've the same doubts. But this system makes it possible to enter jee5 and so on as tag and end up with the "correct" tag.
    – user138231
    Commented May 16, 2010 at 23:38
  • What is the heuristic behind preferring singular tags (e.g., [applet]) versus plural ones (e.g., [jsp-tags])?
    – fbrereto
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 22:40
  • @fbrereto I don't know and I don't think there is any consensus. See meta.stackexchange.com/questions/6752/…, meta.stackexchange.com/questions/47289/…. Commented May 20, 2010 at 15:52
  • Completely disagree with applet. Then you have Java stuff showing up with Gnome stuff Commented May 22, 2010 at 16:43
  • Then open a discussion question about it. @geo Commented May 22, 2010 at 21:37
  • @George You're right and I've split [applets] and [java-applets] (feel free to edit it yourself, that's what CW is for). Commented Jun 26, 2010 at 16:07
  • @Pascal Thivent: Should [tomcat5] [tomcat6] be different tags from [tomcat] ? A lot of time questions are not specific to version like stackoverflow.com/questions/3672859/… - is the right response to edit the question and retag on SO?
    – JoseK
    Commented Sep 9, 2010 at 6:39
  • @josek Good question :) Personally, I think that it makes sense to have different tags for questions where the version is relevant. But for questions like the one you linked to, I would indeed use the more generic [tomcat] and [jboss] tags, the question is definitely not version specific, a retag wouldn't look "wrong" IMO. And if you do retag it and the community disagree, it could always be reverted and discussed on meta. I put @BalusC in the loop as he is the one who added the tags and might have other things to say. Commented Sep 9, 2010 at 8:26


[beginner]: [beginners], [newbie], [newb], [n00b], [noob], [new-user], [new-users], [new-developer], [new-developers], [beginning]

[digital-signal-processing]: [signal-processing], [dsp]

[domain-specific-language]: [dsl]

[dont-repeat-yourself]: [dry] (needs reversing?)

[daylight-savings-time]: [daylight-savings], [dst], [daylight] (needs reversing?)

[history]: [language-history]

[images]: [image], [pictures], [picture] (needs reversing, and additional synonyms)

[large-files]: [largefile], [large] + [file], [large] + [files], [large-file], [huge-files], [huge-file], [huge] + [file], [huge] + [files], [bigfile], [bigfiles]

[liskov-substitution]: [lsp], [liskov-substitution-prin], [liskov-substitution-princ] (needs reversing?)

[srp]: [single-responsibility], [single-responsibility-pri]

[wi-fi]: [wifi]

[winapi]: [win32api]

  • What is the heuristic behind preferring singular tags (e.g., [algorithm]) versus plural ones (e.g., [best-practices])?
    – fbrereto
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 22:41
  • @fbrereto: We prefer to use whichever is a more encompassing term. I suppose with [algorithm] we could go the other way, but if they're aliases of one another, then it's close enough to not matter.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 19, 2010 at 22:51


[eclipse-3.4]: [eclipse-ganymede], [eclipse] + [ganymede]
[eclipse-3.5]: [eclipse-galileo], [eclipse] + [galileo]
[eclipse-3.6]: [eclipse-helios], [eclipse] + [helios]

[qt-creator]: [qtcreator], [qt] + [creator]

[visual-c++]: [vc++], [visualc++], [msvc++], [msvc]

[visual-studio]: [visualstudio], [visual]+[studio]
[visual-studio-yyyy]: [visualstudioyyyy], [visual]+[studio]+[yyyy], [vsyyyy]
[visual-studio-yyyy-beta*]: [vsyyyy-beta*]

[visual-studio-express] + [visual-studio-yyyy]: [visual-studio-yyyy-expres], [visual-studio-express-yyy] (not a typo - 25 char limit)
[visual-studio-express] + [visual-web-developer]: [visual-web-developer-expr]

[visual-studio-team-system]: [team-system], [teamsystem]

[visual-web-developer]: [visual-web]



[.net]: [dotnet]

[asp.net]: [asp-net]

[asp.net-mvc]: [asp-net-mvc]
[asp.net-mvc-2]: [asp-net-mvc2], [asp-net-mvc-2], [asp.net-mvc2], [mvc2], [mvc-2]
[asp.net-mvc-2-rtm]: [asp.net-mvc2-rtm]

[c#]: [csharp], [c#.net]
[c#-2.0]: [c#2], [c#2.0]
[c#-3.0]: [c#3], [c#3.0]
[c#-3.5]: [c#3.5]
[c#-4.0]: [c#4], [c#4.0]

[entity-framework]: [ef]
[entity-framework-4]: [ef4], [entity-framework4]

[winforms]: [window-form], [windows-form], [window-forms], [windows-forms]
[windows-forms-designer]: [windows-form-designer]

[app-config]: [app.config]
[web-config]: [web.config]


Version Control, and Related Software

[distributed-version-control]: [dvcs], [dscm]

[hgignore]: [.hgignore]

[mercurial]: [hg]

[hgrc-mercurial.ini]: [hgrc], [mercurial.ini]

[subversion]: [svn]

[tfs]: [team-foundation-server], [team-foundation]
[tfsYYYY]: [team-foundation-server-YYYY], [team-foundation-YYYY]
[tfsbuild]: [team-foundation-build]

[version-control]: [source-control], [source] + [control], [revision-control], [version] + [control], [revision] + [control], [scm], [source-code-management]

[visualhg]: [visual-hg] (Should this be reversed?)

[visual-sourcesafe]: [vss]
[visual-sourcesafe-200*]: [vss200*]

  • So far on SO [svn]=4732 and [subversion]=0. It's not so easy to retag all of them by hand, so should it be reversed to [svn]: [subversion] ?
    – alexandrul
    Commented May 21, 2010 at 4:22
  • There are many tags related to mercurial that starts with hg, while the tags that starts with [mercurial] are [mercurial-queue] and [mercurial.ini]. Does it make sense to promote hg instead of mercurial, so the whole mercurial related tags are easier to find?
    – alexandrul
    Commented May 21, 2010 at 8:49
  • @alex: Please re-read the question text above. This is not about determining the most popular tags -- it's about aliasing tags and then putting whichever alias we feel would best be displayed for a given topic (which is what a tag really denotes). There are a lot of tags in here that do not follow the most common pattern at the moment.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 21, 2010 at 12:40
  • I'm just saying that [hg] could be IMHO the best way to promote mercurial, just like on SO a tag search on svn can be used to find every tag that is subversion-related, as the only tag containing subversion is [hgsubversion] which is mercurial-related.
    – alexandrul
    Commented May 21, 2010 at 12:59

Operating Systems

[google-chrome-os] : [chrome-os]

[i-os]: [iphone-os], [iphoneos]
[i-os-*]: [iphone-os-*], [iphoneos*]

[operating-system]: [os], [operating-systems], [operating] + [system], [operating] + [systems]

[osx]: [macosx]

[snow-leopard]: [macos10.6], [osx-snow-leopard]

[windows-ce]: [wince]

[windows-mobile]: [windowsmobile] + [windows] + [mobile]

[windows-server-2003]: [win2k3], [server-2003], [windows]+[server]+[2003], [server]+2003
[windows-server-2008]: [win2k8], [windows]+[server]+[2008], [server]+[2008]

[windows-vista]: [vista], [windows] + [vista]

[windows-xp]: [windowsxp], [windows] + [xp], [xp], [winxp]

[windows-7]: [windows7], [windows] + [7], [win7], [windows-7-api]

  • @3chars: I was a bit lazy adding the Mac stuff to this answer: meta.stackexchange.com/questions/41365/…
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 28, 2010 at 13:43
  • @Jon: Ah, didn't see that one - just added the ones i regularly stumbled upon. Commented Jun 3, 2010 at 15:28
  • 1
    Note [i-os] does not exist in SO yet, and I lack the rep to make it, but it is the official new name as of a day or two ago of what was formerly called the iPhone OS (even though it is also used in iPods and iPads).
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 10, 2010 at 4:32
  • The official new name of iPhone OS ([iphone-os]) is iOS, not i-OS, so I think the tag should be [ios] instead of [i-os]. Also, I think [ios4] looks better than [ios-4], and it looks like others agree with me, as at the moment of writing there are 240 questions tagged [ios4] and only 1 tagged [ios-4]. So I propose [ios] and [ios*]
    – Douwe M.
    Commented Jul 16, 2010 at 15:55


[actionscript-3]: [as3]
[actionscript-2]: [as2] (needs manual sorting)

[flex]: [adobe-flex]
[flex-2]: [flex2], [adobe-flex-2]
[flex-3]: [flex3], [adobe-flex-3]
[flex-4]: [flex4], [adobe-flex-4]

[flex-builder]: [flexbuilder]


Automated queries

Except anomalies such as c/cs and http/https.

  • Very nice! This won't catch all of the singular/plurals because of weird English endings (es, ies, etc.), but it's a good start.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 18, 2010 at 14:14


[berkeley-db]: [bdb], [berkeleydb]
[berkeley-db-je]: [bdbje], [berkeleydbje], [berkeleydb-je]

[clustered-index]: [clustered-indexing], [clustered] + [index], [clustered] + [indexing]

[common-table-expression]: [cte], [commontableexpression]
[composite-primary-key]: [multiple-primary-keys]

[database]: [databases]

[database-connection]: [database-connections], [databaseconnection], [database-connectivity]

[data-warehouse]: [data-warehousing], [datawarehousing], [datawarehouse]

[embedded-database]: [embedded-db]

[object-relational-mapping]: [orm]

[oracle-xe]: [oraclexe], [oracle] + [xe], [oracle10g-express], [oracle-express], [oracle]+[express]

[sql-injection]: [sqlinjection], [sql] + [injection]

[sql-server]: [sqlserver], [sql] + [server], [mssql]
[sql-server-yyyy]: [sqlserveryyyy], [sql] + [server] + [yyyy], [mssqlyyyy], [sql-serveryyyy]
[sql-server-express]: [sql-express], [sqlexpress], [sql] + [express], [sql] + [server] + [express]
[sql-server-ce]: [sqlce], [sqlcompact], [sql-compact], [sql-server-compact], [sql-mobile]

[star-schema]: [starschema]

[stored-procedures]: [stored-procedure], [sproc], [stored] + [procedure], [stored] + [procedures]

[subquery]: [subqueries]

[table-valued-functions]: [table-value-function], [table-value-functions], [table-valued-function]

[tsql]: [t-sql], [transact-sql]

  • @Donal: meta.stackexchange.com/questions/45502/…
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 21, 2010 at 13:03
  • @Jon: Damn few people use any version of SQLite prior to 3. That's been the production release since 2004. (According to sqlite.org/oldnews.html) Commented May 22, 2010 at 10:04
  • @Donal: In the comments of my answer in that question, the best argument to keep the version 3 tag is for the future (say, version 4 is released) -- if the version 3 tag is eliminated, that would make the base tag ambiguous. In this case I think it's best to maintain the status quo and not lose information. Generally speaking [sqlite3] does imply [sqlite], but the reverse is not true.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 22, 2010 at 16:36
  • @Jon: You're being too bloody general. We don't know whether there will ever be an SQLite4. So apply YAGNI and worry about that problem only when it happens, not before. Commented May 23, 2010 at 23:08
  • @Donal: Since you have so much to say on the subject, please add an answer to the question I linked to above.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 24, 2010 at 0:59
  • @Jon: I've been examining what exactly has what tag, and I've changed my mind. I think it might be best to go with [sqlite] for the database/library, and [sqlite3] for the command line tool. Except there's a lot of mess with the latter tag being used for a lot of other things too; cleaning this up is going to have to be a long-term project of mine. :-( Commented May 24, 2010 at 8:07
  • @Donal: Why not open a discussion question about that, no need to discuss it here in the comments. Commented May 28, 2010 at 0:02
  • @3chars: He added an answer to the question I linked to, as I mentioned.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented May 28, 2010 at 0:14
  • @APC: I don't understand how those Oracle tags could possibly be synonyms. See the SQL Server tags here. I also rolled back the [procedure] tag because that doesn't necessarily apply to stored procedures (it may, but it's an ambiguous tag currently).
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 13, 2010 at 16:57
  • @JonSeigel - Sorry. I obviously missed the concept of "synonym" here. The problem is, if I search for [Oracle] I would want to pick up threads which have been tagged [Oracle10g] or [Oracle9i] but not [Oracle] itself. Because most questions tagged [Oracle10g] actually apply to any (modern) version of Oracle DB. That is I would like tag inheritance. I guess the same is true of [SQL-Server-2005] etc and [SQL-Server] I suppose that's a different feature.
    – APC
    Commented Jun 18, 2010 at 21:31
  • @APC: stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/…
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 18, 2010 at 22:09
  • @JonSeigel - thanks but what I really need is something that works with Interesting Tags ...
    – APC
    Commented Jun 19, 2010 at 15:20
  • @APC: meta.stackexchange.com/questions/34974/…
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 19, 2010 at 15:51
  • @JonSeigel - truly you are the Daddy when it comes to tags!
    – APC
    Commented Jun 20, 2010 at 20:41
  • @JonSeigel - actually that doesn't quite solve my problem. oracle+oracle10g finds threads which have both tags. What I want is an Interesting Tag implementation which finds questions with either tag. In fact what I would want is a mega Interesting Tag which finds question marked oracle|oracle10g|oracle9i|oracle11g|oracle8i|oraclexe|oracle-xe ... Perhaps I should ask this as a question
    – APC
    Commented Jun 20, 2010 at 20:53

Web Browsers

[firefox-2]: [firefox2]
[firefox-3]: [firefox3]
[firefox-3.5]: [firefox3.5]
[firefox-3.5.1]: [firefox3.5.1]
[firefox-3.6]: [firefox3.6]

[google-chrome]: [chrome]

[internet-explorer]: [ie], [internet] + [explorer]
[internet-explorer-6]: [ie6], [ie-6], [internet-explorer6]
[internet-explorer-7]: [ie7], [ie-7], [internet-explorer7]
[internet-explorer-8]: [ie8], [ie-8], [internet-explorer8]
[internet-explorer-9]: [ie9], [ie-8], [internet-explorer9]


Other Programming Languages

[go]: [golang], [go-language]

[javascript]: [java-script], [js], [java] + [script] (needs manual sorting)

[python3]: [python-3.x], [python-3.1]

[ruby-on-rails]: [rails]
[ruby-on-rails-3]: [ruby-on-rails3], [rails3]
[ruby-on-rails-3-beta]: [ruby-on-rails3beta]


International English


[analog]: [analogue]

[analysis]: [analyze], [analyse]

[artifacts]: [artefacts], [artifact], [artefact]

[authority]: [authorize], [authorise], [authorizing], [authorising], [unauthorized], [unauthorised]


[behavior]: [behaviour], [behaviors], [behaviours]

[best-practices]: [best-practice], [best-practise], [best-practices], [best-practises], [best] + [practice], [best] + [practise], [best] + [practices] [best] + [practises], [best] Should [practice] be merged with this? Should there be/is there a [worst-practice] tag?


[capitalization]: [capitalisation], [capitalize], [capitalise], [capitalized], [capitalised], [capitalizes], [capitalises], [capitalizing], [capitalising]

[cancel]: [canceled], [cancelled], [canceling], [cancelling]

[cataloging]: [cataloguing], [catalog], [catalogue], [cataloged], [catalogued], [catalogs], [catalogues]

[categorizing]: [categorising], [categorize], [categorise], [categorized], [categorised], [categorizes]. [categorises]

[center]: [centre], [centers], [centres]

[color]: [colour], [colors], [colours]

[connection]: [connexion], [connections], [connexions]

[customization]: [customisation], [customize], [customise], [customized], [customised], [customizes], [customises], [customizing], [customising]

[cipher]: [cypher], [ciphers], [cyphers]


[defensive]: [defencive], [defense], [defence], [defenses], [defences]

[dialogs]: [dialogues], [dialog], [dialogue]

[digitizing]: [digitising], [digitize], [digitise], [digitized], [digitised], [digitizes], [digitises]

[disk]: [disc], [disks], [discs] Is the word disc used in the US for CDs and DVDs? If so, then we need separate [disk]: [disks] and [disc]: [discs]


[equalization]: [equalisation], [equalize], [equalise], [equalized], [equalised], [equalizer], [equaliser], [equalizers], [equalisers], [equalizes], [equalises], [equalizing], [equalising]

[esthetics]: [aesthetics]

[evangelizing]: [evangelising]

[externalizing]: [externalising]


[factorizing]: [factorising], [factorize], [factorise], [factorized], [factorised], [factorizes], [factorises]

[fiber]: [fibre], [fibers], [fibres]

[finalization]: [finalisation], [finalize], [finalise], [finalized], [finalised], [finalizes], [finalises], [finalizing], [finalising]


[globalization]: [globalisation], [globalize], [globalise], [globalized], [globalised], [globalizes], [globalises], [globalizing], [globalising] Should these be merged with localization?

[gluing]: [glueing]

[gray]: [grey], [grayed], [greyed], [graying], [greying], [grayish], [greyish], [grayness] [greyness], [grays], [greys]


[humanizing]: [humanising], [humanize], [humanise], [humanized], [humanised], [humanizes], [humanises]

[humor]: [humour]


[image]: [images]

[install]: [installs], [instals]

[italicizing]: [italicising], [italicize], [italicise], [italicized], [italicised], [italicizes], [italicises]




[labels]: [labeled], [labelled], [labeling], [labelling]

[localization]: [localisation], [localize], [localise], [localized], [localised], [localizes], [localises], [localizing], [localising] Should these be merged with globalization?


[miter]: [mitre], [miters], [mitres]

[modeling]: [modelling], [modeled], [modelled], [modeler], [modeller], [modelers], [modellers]


[neighbors]: [neighbours], [neighbor], [neighbour], [neighborhood], [neighbourhood], [neighborhoods], [neighbourhoods], [neighboring], [neighbouring], [neighborliness], [neighbourliness], [neighborly], [neighbourly]

[normalization]: [normalisation], [normalize], [normalise], [normalized], [normalised], [normalizes], [normalises], [normalizing], [normalising]


[optimization]: [optimisation], [optimize], [optimise], [optimized], [optimised], [optimizes], [optimises], [optimizing], [optimising]

[organization]: [organisation], [organize], [organise], [organized], [organised], [organizer], [organiser], [organizers], [organisers], [organizes], [organises], [organizing], [organising]


[panels]: [paneled], [panelled], [paneling], [panelling], [panelist], [panellist], [panelists], [panellists]

[personalization]: [personalisation], [personalize], [personalise], [personalized], [personalised], [personalizes], [personalises], [personalizing], [personalising]

[philosophy]: [philosophize], [philosophise], [philosophized], [philosophised], [philosophizes], [philosophises], [philosophizing], [philosophising]

[Plagiarism]: [plagiarize], [plagiarise], [plagiarized], [plagiarised], [plagiarizes] [plagiarises], [plagiarizing], [plagiarising] If we are keeping this one, can someone add in [plagarizm] if that is a real word please? I am not familiar enough with US spelling to be sure.

[practice]: [practise], [practiced], [practised], [practices], [practises], [practicing], [practising] Should this be merged with [best-practice]?

[priority]: [prioritization], [prioritisation], [prioritize], [prioritise], [prioritized], [prioritised], [prioritizes], [prioritises], [prioritizing], [prioritising]

[programs]: [programmes], [program], [programme]

[publicity]: [publicizing], [publicising], [publicize], [publicise], [publicized], [publicised], [publicizes], [publicises], [publicizing], [publicising]



[randomness]: [randomization], [randomisation], [randomize], [randomise], [randomized], [randomised], [randomizes], [randomises], [randomizing], [randomising]

[reorganization]: [reorganisation], [reorganizations], [reorganisations], [reorganize], [reorganise], [reorganized], [reorganised], [reorganizes], [reorganises], [reorganizing], [reorganising]

[rumor]: [rumour], [rumored], [rumoured], [rumors], [rumours]


[sanitizing]: [sanitising], [sanitize], [sanitise], [sanitized], [sanitised], [sanitizes], [sanitises]

[social]: [socialization], [socialisation], [socialize], [socialise], [socialized], [socialised], [socializes], [socialises], [socializing], [socialising]

[stability]: [stabilization], [stabilisation], [stabilize], [stabilise], [stabilized], [stabilised], [stabilizer], [stabiliser], [stabilizes], [stabilises], [stabilizers], [stabilisers], [stabilizes], [stabilises], [stabilizing], [stabilising]

[standards]: [standardization], [standardisation], [standardize], [standardise], [standardized], [standardised], [standardizes], [standardises], [standardizing], [standardising]

[summarizing]: [summarising], [summarize], [summarise], [summarized], [summarised], [summarizes], [summarises], [summary]

[symbols]: [symbolize], [symbolise], [symbolized], [symbolised], [symbolizes], [symbolises], [symbolizing], [symbolising]

[synchronization]: [synchronisation], [synchronize], [synchronise], [synchronized], [synchronised], [synchronizes], [synchronises], [synchronizing], [synchronising]

[synthesis]: [synthesize], [synthesise], [synthesized], [synthesised], [synthesizer], [synthesiser], [synthesizers], [synthesisers], [synthesizes], [synthesises], [synthesizing], [synthesising]


[text-to-speech]: [verbalization], [verbalisation], [verbalize], [verbalise], [verbalized], [verbalised], [verbalizes], [verbalises], [verbalizing], [verbalising], [vocalization], [vocalisation], [vocalizations], [vocalisations], [vocalize], [vocalise], [vocalized], [vocalised], [vocalizes], [vocalises], [vocalizing], [vocalising]

[trials]: [trialed], [trialled], [trialing], [trialling]

[tunneling]: [tunnelling], [tunneled], [tunnelled]


[utilization]: [utilisation], [utilizable], [utilisable], [utilize], [utilise], [utilized], [utilised], [utilizes], [utilises], [utilizing], [utilising]


[virtualization]: [virtualisation], [virtualizations], [virtualisations], [virtualize], [virtualise], [virtualized], [virtualised], [virtualizes], [virtualises], [virtualizing], [virtualising]

[visualization]: [visualisation], [visualizations], [visualisations], [visualize], [visualise], [visualized], [visualised], [visualizes], [visualises], [visualizing], [visualising]





  • It is possible that these should just go in the Miscellaneous section. Indeed, color, with additiional plurals, altready is, but I have put it here as well for editing/discussion of the idea of "International English" as a seperate heading.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 0:54
  • There is a list of some 1700 alternately spelt general words here: tysto.com/articles05/q1/20050324uk-us.shtml . I don't have time today, but I plan to go through the list looking for relevant ones and post them here.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 1:12
  • OK, I have added lots of words. I have definitely erred on the side of including extra words rather than leaving out any possibles; I fully expect many to be edited out :)
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 12:01
  • Note that some words do not directly have alternate spellings, but some of their possible alternatives do; e.g. [standards].
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 12:03
  • Thanks for posting this. I'll address some of the interpost commetary later today. Could you please prune the list to only include synonyms that already exist on SOFU? We don't need to include more than that in this repository. Thanks.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 12:35
  • Is there an easy way to determine if a given word already exists as a tag in the trilogy? I wonder if resident Python charmer @The Cat might kindly take on automating this? I'd be manually doing it, and I won't have that sort of time for a few days.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 20:40
  • The following tags and all of the suggested synonyms do not exist at all on all parts of the trilogy: biasing, commercialization, computerization, conceptualizing, decentralization, destabilization, economizing, encyclopedia, enrollment, familiarization, generalization, hybridizing, itemizing, labor, legalization, modernization, neutralization, penalties, polarization, popularization, rationalization, rigor, rigors, skepticism, signaling, socialism, systemizing, tricolor, vaporware
    – Grace Note StaffMod
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 21:29
  • The following tags exist on the sites that mean roughly what you suggest, but not in the parent tag or any synonym you suggested. The word in parentheses is the tag you suggested as the parent. italicize (italicizing), equalizer (equalization), catalog (cataloging), categorization (categorizing), factorization (factorizing), glue (gluing), humanize (humanizing), publicize (publicity), reorganize (reorganization), sanitization (sanitizing), summarization/summary (summarizing)
    – Grace Note StaffMod
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 21:30
  • Lastly, "defensive" doesn't exist as a standalone tag (it's a dependent-adjective ambiguous tag so big minus there), but there are some related tags like defensive-programming. All other tags exist, either as the root tag or one of the suggested synonyms or as a plural/singular difference, on at least one of the sites. The majority of tags you listed that were not tags were words that ended in -ing or -ation.
    – Grace Note StaffMod
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 21:33
  • Awesome - thanks @ccomet! Still happy for anyone to do the required editing, but if no-one else does I will get to it in a couple of days.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 23:13
  • On another note, one interesting aspect of internationalising tags is that often neither is wrong. Some of the tag synonym proposals out there suggest that the undividual user could choose their preference of color/colour, for example, and have everything seamlessly map. One possible syntax to represent this 'both are right' situation here might be [color], [colour]: [colors], [colours]. Thoughts?
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 23:17
  • That would complicate the system far too much. The generally accepted practice right now is for everything to be in American English, so those should be chosen as the master tags. @ccomet: Thanks for going through those. Also, @whybird: since these comments are on your answer, if you want to ping me, you'll need to use @Jon in your comments. Thanks.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jun 9, 2010 at 23:43
  • @Jon - Agree. I'm fine with that, so long as my natural spellings get translated properly when I try to enter them.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 10, 2010 at 0:41
  • Note: I have added [virtualization] since @ccomet's analysis. This comment is just a reminder to self or other editor to check that one later.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 10, 2010 at 0:43
  • virtualization is present on at least one of the sites.
    – Grace Note StaffMod
    Commented Jun 10, 2010 at 3:19

Microsoft Office

[excel]: [microsoft-excel], [ms-excel]
[excel-yyyy]: [microsoft-excel-yyyy], [excelyyyy], [excel-yy], [excelyy]

[microsoft-access]: [ms-access], [access]
[microsoft-access-yyyy]: [ms-access-yyyy], [ms-access-yy], [access-yyyy], [access-yy]

[microsoft-office]: [ms-office], [office] (needs hand-separating)
[microsoft-office-yyyy]: [ms-office-yyyy], [ms-office-yy], [office-yyyy], [office-yy], [officeyyyy], [officeyy]

[microsoft-word]: [msword], [word] (needs hand-separating), [wordyy], [wordyyyy] [microsoft-word-yyyy]: [mswordyyyy], [mswordyy], [msword-yyyy], [msword-yy], [word-yyyy], [word-yy]

[outlook]: [microsoft-office-outlook]
[outlook-yyyy]: [outlookyyyy]
[outlook-addin]: [outlook-plugin], [outlook] + [addin], [outlook] + [plugin]

[powerpoint]: [microsoft-powerpoint], [ms-powerpoint]
[powerpoint-yyyy]: [powerpointyyyy], [powerpointyy]

[redemption]: [outlook-redemption]

  • Is this one for SuperUser, or do they need added on SO as well? Commented Jul 16, 2010 at 2:16
  • @Bill: Both. Probably moreso on SO since the volume is higher.
    – Jon Seigel
    Commented Jul 16, 2010 at 2:34

Meta Stack Overflow

[allowed-topics]: [where-to-post]
[answers]: [answer]
[associated-accounts]: [linked-accounts], [related-accounts]

[badges]: [badge]
[badge-description]: [badge-text]

[captcha]: [human-verification]

[exact-duplicates]: [duplicates]

[links]: [link], [hyperlink], [hyperlinks]

[new-users]: [new-user]

[profile-page]: [user-page]

[questions]: [question]

[recent-envelope]: [magic-envelope]
[reputation-audit]: [reputation-report]
[reputation-recalculation]: [reputation-recalc], [rep-recalc], [rep-recalculation]
[revisions-list]: [edit-history], [revision-list]

[search]: [searching]
[split-vote-count]: [vote-count], [vote-details], [vote-totals]

[users]: [user]
[user-accounts]: [accounts], [user-account]
[user-interface]: [ui]
[user-profiles]: [profile], [profiles], [user-profile]

  • Hey @Jon, wondering why you removed my [tags]: [tagging] addition here? Perhaps I misunderstand their use, but I thought they'd be prime candidates.
    – whybird
    Commented Jun 10, 2010 at 0:11
  • @whybird See meta.stackexchange.com/questions/48017/…
    – Grace Note StaffMod
    Commented Jun 10, 2010 at 3:40

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